Following Tome's overview of interwar architecture, it's quite natural to mention a Mediterranean city with the highest concentration of the International style artifacts.
The locals use to call this style 'Bauhaus', ignoring the fact that a vast majority of architects who worked there in the 1920s-1950s hadn't come from Dessau. In fact, this concentration is a result of joint effort of a very different architects, most of them with an Eastern European background.
I'm speaking of Tel Aviv
, with its almost unanimous adoption of the International style in the beginning of the 30s. For nearly three decades, this style dominated the rapidly growing city. The paint on the walls could be every color you like, in case it was white.
The new style's advent effectively killed all the previous attempts to find a special style for 'The first Hebrew city in two thousand years'
On this 1935 photograph, on the left of the business-like corner building, we see some arches and curved balconies - a memory of romantic 1920s when the Tel Aviv architects often used Oriental and even Gothic elements in their designs.
Streamlined structures grew near the eclectic array of older, smaller buildings.
Art Deco designs like the (demolished) Mougrabi Cinema theater were scarce:
The 1934 Sixth Oriental Fair in Tel Aviv was a real triumph of the International style:
Probably the most impressive ensemble built in this style is Zina Square, named after the Tel Aviv mayor's wife:
It was designed by 25-years old Genia Averbuch
(1909-1977) who obviously experienced some influence of the Modernist Alexanderplatz rebuilding plan:
The square still exists, its appearance marred by the elevated fountain plaza, and the curved buildings are taken care of.
With all my dislike for the style, I am not happy about the state most 'Bauhaus' buildings are in. Lot of them lost their clean look, spoiled by later additions or simply neglected:
But the style lives on - and there are new buildings designed with some Bauhaus in mind. This one is not in Tel-Aviv, but very close to the (former) White City:
Photographs: Matson Photo Service Collection, Library of Congress
, and lord_k